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More Than Meets the Eye: All About the TSA


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Americans have mixed feelings about the Transportation Security Administration. While the organization itself touts impressive crime-stopping numbers, many find them better at creating long lines and conducting humiliating body searches. Let’s take a look at how the TSA came to be and the darker side of such strict airline security.

TSA Origins

TSA’s mission: “Protect the nation’s transportation systems to ensure freedom of movement for people and commerce.”

A brief history of the TSA (1)

Sept. 11, 2001

The 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center lead both the public and the government to ask for tighter security measures at airports.

November 2001

President George W. Bush signs the Aviation and Transportation Security Act, leading to the creation of the TSA. All passenger bags are checked by TSA agents.

December 2002

Explosive detection systems are installed at airports to check bags for hidden bombs.

April 2003

TSA begins training flight deck officers to handle potential in-flight issues. Commercial pilots are also armed for the first time in flight history.

August 2006

TSA requires passengers to remove their shoes so they can be checked for explosives.

September 2006

TSA enhances their security to include random employee screenings, canine patrols and more rigorous ID verification standards.

September 2006

The ban on liquids is amended, allowing liquids, gels and aerosols in 3.4 oz. containers or smaller to be carried on when placed in single, plastic, resealable bags.

March 2010

Advanced imaging technology is installed in airports, where passengers must stand in a partially enclosed screening structure, raise their arms and wait for a full-body scan.

December 2011

TSA Precheck is introduced, allowing pre-screened, frequent fliers to make it through security checkpoints more quickly.

January 2015

Pat-down procedures are implemented at more airports, taking place even after full-body scans. These procedures have become the source of much controversy among civil rights groups.

May 2017

Automated screening lanes are introduced, including radio frequency ID tags attached to item bins that are linked to X-rays of the items.

Modern Operations

TSA operates … (1)

… in nearly 440 federalized airports

… with more than 44,000 transportation security officers

… and over 600 security inspectors


Percentage of officers with five or more years’ experience in counterterrorism (1)


Percentage of TSA agents who are veterans or still serving in the military (1)

TSA screening numbers (1)

Daily: 2 million passengers

Annual: 700 million passengers


Daily domestic flights TSA screens (1)


Daily international flights TSA screens (1)


Number of advanced imaging technology machines used by TSA (1)

TSA employs law enforcement, including: (1)

  • Air marshals that fly millions of miles each year
  • 900 canine teams screening passengers and cargo for illegal substances and explosives
  • Thousands of volunteer flight deck security officers
  • Officers that provide self-defense training to flight crew members

TSA also secures the vast U.S. transportation network through: (1)

  • More than 4 million miles of roadways
  • More than 140,000 miles of railroad track
  • More than 360 maritime ports and 12,000 miles of coastline
  • About 2.7 million miles of pipeline

The Dark Side

TSA claims that, in 2015, they confiscated 2,653 firearms. 82.8% were loaded. (1)

Airports with the most firearm discoveries (1)

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport: 153

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport: 144

Houston George Bush Intercontinental Airport: 100

Denver International Airport: 90

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport: 73

Despite these seemingly impressive numbers, TSA agents are still failing “Red Team” tests at an alarming rate. The so-called Red Team is a group of Homeland Security agents who attempt to smuggle mock explosive or weapons through TSA checkpoints.


Percentage of TSA Red Team test failures in 2015. Agents failed to find the hidden mock weapons or explosive 67 out of 70 times. (2)

And ever since it was founded, TSA has endured thousands of airline passenger complaints each year.

More than 39,000

Number of complaints TSA received between October 2009 and June 2012 (3)

$3 million

Amount paid to passengers by the TSA for the loss, damage or theft of personal items (4)

Theft has been an issue with TSA employees in the past. In 2011, two employees from New York’s JFK airport were arrested for stealing $40,000 from checked baggage. (4)

The top five airports with high incidents of TSA theft include: (2)

1. Miami International Airport (29)

2. JFK International Airport (27)

3. Los Angeles International Airport (24)

4. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (17)

5. Las Vegas-McCarran International Airport (15)

Many complaints are also tied to the aggressive “pat-downs” TSA officials give select passengers.

Over 1,000

Complaints made to the ACLU from passengers who felt they were subjected to invasive, unjustified searches. In some cases, people reported feeling assaulted and traumatized by their experiences. (5)








Find Your School is an advertising-supported site. Featured programs and school search results are for schools that compensate us. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other information published on this site.